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Billard SpieleBillard oder Billardspiel ist ein Spiel, bei dem zwei Personen oder zwei Teams gegeneinander spielen. Mit dem Queue werden die Billardkugeln auf einem mit Billardtuch bespannten Billardtisch gestoßen. Dabei stößt der Spieler mit dem Queue nur die. Blog über Billard, Billardsport und Billard-Ausrüstung - mit den besten Tipps und Tricks. Spiele kostenlos Billard Spiele auf Spiele. Wir haben die besten Billard Spiele für Dich gesammelt. Viel Spaß!
Now the game is generally a well-known game and has many players of all different skill levels. There are few more cheerful sights, when the evenings are long, and the weather dull, than a handsome, well-lighted billiard room, with the smooth, green surface of the billiard table; the ivory balls flying noiselessly here and there, or clicking musically together.
The games with regulated international professional competition, if not others, have been referred to as "sports" or "sporting" events, not simply "games", since at the latest.
Snooker, though technically a pocket billiards variant and closely related in its equipment and origin to the game of English billiards, is a professional sport organized at the international level, and its rules bear little resemblance to those of modern pool, pyramid and other such games.
A "Billiards" category encompassing pool, snooker and carom was featured in the World Games , held in Duisburg , Germany, and the Asian Games also saw the introduction of a "Cue sports" category.
In Russian pyramid there are sixteen balls, as in pool, but fifteen are white and numbered, and the cue ball is usually red. Carom billiards balls are larger than pool balls, having a diameter of Snooker balls are smaller than American-style pool balls with a diameter of English billiard balls are the same size as snooker balls and come in sets of three balls two cue balls and a red, an object ball.
Other games, such as bumper pool , have custom ball sets. Billiard balls have been made from many different materials since the start of the game, including clay, bakelite , celluloid , crystallite , ivory , plastic, steel and wood.
The dominant material from until the early 20th century was ivory. The search for a substitute for ivory use was not for environmental concerns, but based on economic motivation and fear of danger for elephant hunters.
The first viable substitute was celluloid , invented by John Wesley Hyatt in , but the material was volatile, sometimes exploding during manufacture, and was highly flammable.
There are many sizes and styles of pool and billiard tables. Generally, tables are rectangles twice as long as they are wide.
Most pool tables are known as 7-, 8-, or 9-footers, referring to the length of the table's long side. Full-size snooker and English billiard tables are 12 feet 3.
Pool halls tend to have 9-foot 2. Pubs will typically use 7-foot 2. Ten-foot tables remain the standard size for carom billiard games.
The slates on modern carom tables are usually heated to stave off moisture and provide a consistent playing surface.
The length of the pool table will typically be a function of space, with many homeowners purchasing an 8-foot 2. Full-size pool tables are 4. High-quality tables have a bed made of thick slate, in three pieces to prevent warping and changes due to temperature and humidity.
Smaller bar tables are most commonly made with a single piece of slate. Pocket billiards tables of all types normally have six pockets, three on each side four corner pockets, and two side or middle pockets.
Cloth has been used to cover billiards tables since the 15th century. Bar or tavern tables, which get a lot of play, use "slower", more durable cloth.
The cloth used in upscale pool and snooker halls and home billiard rooms is "faster" i. Snooker cloth traditionally has a nap consistent fiber directionality and balls behave differently when rolling against versus along with the nap.
The cloth of the billiard table has traditionally been green, reflecting its origin originally the grass of ancestral lawn games , and has been so colored since at least the 16th century, but it is also produced in other colors such as red and blue.
A rack is the name given to a frame usually wood, plastic or aluminium used to organize billiard balls at the beginning of a game.
This is traditionally triangular in shape, but varies with the type of billiards played. There are two main types of racks; the more common triangular shape which is used for eight-ball and straight pool and the diamond-shaped rack used for nine-ball.
There are several other types of less common rack types that are also used, based on a "template" to hold the billiard balls tightly together.
Most commonly it is a thin plastic sheet with diamond-shaped cut-outs that hold the balls that is placed on the table with the balls set on top of the rack.
The rack is used to set up the "break" and removed before the "break shot" occurs. Billiards games are mostly played with a stick known as a cue.
A cue is usually either a one piece tapered stick or a two piece stick divided in the middle by a joint of metal or phenolic resin.
High quality cues are generally two pieces and are made of a hardwood, generally maple for billiards and ash for snooker. The butt end of the cue is of larger circumference and is intended to be gripped by a player's hand.
The shaft of the cue is of smaller circumference, usually tapering to an 0. The tip, in conjunction with chalk, can be used to impart spin to the cue ball when it is not hit in its center.
Cheap cues are generally made of pine, low-grade maple and formerly often of ramin , which is now endangered , or other low-quality wood, with inferior plastic ferrules.
A quality cue can be expensive and may be made of exotic woods and other expensive materials which are artfully inlaid in decorative patterns.
Many modern cues are also made, like golf clubs , with high-tech materials such as woven graphite. Skilled players may use more than one cue during a game, including a separate cue often with a hard phenolic resin tip for the opening break shot and another, shorter cue with a special tip for jump shots.
The mechanical bridge, sometimes called a "rake", "crutch", "bridge stick" or simply "bridge", and in the UK a "rest", is used to extend a player's reach on a shot where the cue ball is too far away for normal hand bridging.
It consists of a stick with a grooved metal or plastic head which the cue slides on. Many amateurs refuse to use the mechanical bridge based on the perception that to do so is unmanly or cheating.
Some players, especially current or former snooker players, use a screw-on cue butt extension instead of or in addition to the mechanical bridge.
Bridge head design is varied, and not all designs especially those with cue shaft-enclosing rings, or wheels on the bottom of the head , are broadly tournament-approved.
Chalk is applied to the tip of the cue stick , ideally before every shot, to increase the tip's friction coefficient so that when it impacts the cue ball on a non-center hit, no miscue unintentional slippage between the cue tip and the struck ball occurs.
Chalk is an important element to make good shots in pool or snooker. Cue tip chalk is not actually the substance typically referred to as " chalk " generally calcium carbonate , but any of several proprietary compounds, with a silicate base.
Hayward, R. Klamkin, M. Knaster, B. Polonaise de Math. Knuth, D. Madachy, J. New York: Dover, pp. Marlow, W. The Physics of Pocket Billiards. Mauldin, R.
Boston, MA: Birkhäuser, Neumann, P. Monthly , , O'Beirne, T. New York: Dover, Pappas, T. Peterson, I. Riede, H.
Oder: das Problem des Alhazen. Sine, R. Monthly 86 , , Steinhaus, H. Mathematical Snapshots, 3rd ed. Tabachnikov, S. Providence, RI: Amer. Help us improve.
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